"The Name Jehovah at the Time of the European Reformation"

– documentation and illustrated book –

The new book is the only one in the English numismatic literature dealing with this topic. It is based on the translation of the German book “God´s Name on Coins, Talers and Medals” (see above), which has been published in December 2004. That book deals especially with the German-speaking countries in Europe. The author used the last five years to carry out investigations in other European counties and a lot of new material came to light. The importance of the single countries had to be arranged in a completely new way. Now each county is dealt with in detail according to its importance. Poland and its free Hanseatic City Gdansk has been added. The reader can be pleased about the fact that he can find more than twice as many coins, medals and other objects and buildings bearing the name of God within this fantastic and unique illustrated book. The book consists of 842 pages. There are 676 illustrations which are throughout in color. The price is 25.00 € plus shipping costs. This book is only available in English.

Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Inscriptions on German Half-timbered Houses
Brunswick (German: Braunschweig), the half-timbered house at No. 7 "Am Kohlmarkt"
Bad Soden (at the Taunus), half-timbered house at No. 11 Taunusstrasse
Bad Lauterberg (in the Harz Mountains), a half-timbered house at No. 107 Barbiser Strasse
Medebach ("Hochsauerland" region), the half-timbered "Weddemann" house at
No. 21 Oberstrasse
Öhringen, the half-timbered house at No. 13 Bismarckstreet
Osterwieck at the mountain "Fallstein", the Town of the half-timbered houses
Schriesheim/Bergstrasse, the half-timbered house at No. 2 Rosengasse
Stadthagen, the half-timbered house "Schwarzer Adler" (Black Eagle) at No. 23 Am Markt
Salzhemmendorf -Wallensen, a half-timbered house from 1696
Preussisch Oldendorf, a half-timbered house on the manor Crollage
Bad Salzuflen, the half-timbered house at No. 38 Am Markt
Bad Salzuflen, the half-timbered house at No. 1 Lange Strasse
Bad Salzuflen, parts of the salt works on the Salzhof ("saltern yard")
Lingen (Ems), the half-timbered house at No. 13 Burgstrasse
Cornberg-Rockensuss, the half-timbered house at No. 9 Am Wasser
Wehretal-Oetmannshausen, the half-timbered house at No. 8 Vorwerksgasse
Wehretal-Hoheneiche, the half-timbered house at No. 14 Bachstrasse
Eschwege-Oberdunzebach, the half-timbered house at No. 38 Hauptstrasse
Tecklenburg, near Osnabrueck, half-timbered house, Gartenstrasse
Chapter 3 The Results of Recent Research
The earliest known epitaph in Europe with a Tetragrammaton
The earliest known epitaph in Europe with the name of God, Jehovah
The dynamic spread of the name of God in Europe
The Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, France
The astronomical clock of Strasbourg of the sixteenth century
A visit to the St. Lawrence Church (Chiesa San Lorenzo) in Fornio, near Parma
Poland, Russia, Austria, Switzerland, Great Britain, In Spain and Portugal, Germany
The history of the Calvary site in Gorlitz
Chapter 4 The Name of God – How Do You Pronounce It Correctly?
The Mesha Stele – the oldest extra-biblical reference to the name of God
Why and when was the pronunciation lost?
The usage of the name of God in the Septuagint
The Ben Ezra Synagogue in Cairo and its genizah
The emergence of the modern pronunciation and its uncertainty
Which Latinized rendering gained acceptance and became known all over Europe in the
sixteenth century?
How is Iehouah pronounced?
What contribution did numismatics make?
Why did the name of God spread so fast
Identifying the Hebrew letters
A short summary
Chapter 5 The Name of God on Coins, Thaler and Medals
Chapter 6 Propaganda on Coins
Chapter 7 The Netherlands
The States General of the Netherlands
The personified Provinces of the Netherlands – the "Belgica"
"Belgica" in connection with a pyramid – a symbol for armistice and hope
William of Orange, 1533-1584
Philips of Marnix, 1540-1598, Lord of Saint-Aldegonde
Historical references to the name Jehovah
The Oudenaarde tapestries
Jodocus Hondius, 1563-1612
The Holy Land Foundation near Nijmegen
The altar painting made by Anthonis van Dyck
A historical church used as a concert hall
Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, 1567-1625
The Dutch Lion, "De Leone Belgico"
The Synod of Dordrecht, 1618-1619
Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange, 1635-1647
The brothers Bronkhorst-Batenburg
The Netherlands, a procession through the streets of Tilburg
Chapter 8 The Nordic Kingdom of Denmark
Christian IV, King of Denmark, 1588-1648
The religious roots of Christian IV, King of Denmark
Christian’s rebus at the age of fourteen
Christian IV and his rebuses (picture puzzles)
The building program of the Danish King Christian IV
Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), Oslo, Norway
The Round Tower of Copenhagen, "Runde Tarns København"
The Church of Holmen in Copenhagen
The history of Rosenborg Castle
The Royal Danish Collections
The Treasury
The Knights’ Hall
Rosenborg Castle and the name of God
Frederiksborg Castle
The pictures in the ballroom and its religious elements
The ballroom – a conclusion
Roskilde Cathedral
The Royal Tombs
The Danish king intervenes in the Thirty Years’ War
The Great Wedding in 1634
The Hebrew Mark and the Hebrew Gold
The Second Treaty of Brömsebro
Christian V, King of Denmark betwee 1670 and 1699
The Victory in the Battle of Køge Bay in 1677
Denmark’s largest commemorative medal
Frederick IV, King of Denmark between 1699 and 1730
Why was a new national militia founded?
Unfortunately the ECU has never been realized
The name Jehovah in Denmark – in or on churches and other buildings
Chapter 9 The Baltic Kingdom of the Swedes, the Goths, and the Wends
The House of Vasa
Gustav I Vasa and his sons
The oldest known coinage of modern times bearing the name of God
John III of Sweden (1568-1592)
Sigismund of Sweden (1592-1599)
Charles IX (1599-1611)
A short history of Charles IX, King of Sweden (1599-1611)
Coins issued by Charles IX
Charles, duke and regent (1593-1604)
Charles, designated king (1604-1607)
Charles IX, King of Sweden (1607-1611)
Charles IX of Sweden – founder of the port of Gothenburg in 1607
King Charles IX’s Royal Order of Jehova
Duke John of Östergötland (1606-1618)
Gustav II Adolf – the great King of the Swedes (1611-1632)
King Gustav II Adolf’s scientific classes, his faith formation and Johan Skytte’s lessons,
his aims, methods, and results
Gustav II Adolf’s coins
Coins issued before his coronation in 1617
What are so-called "Auswurfmünzen" or Jetons?
Coins issued after his coronation in 1617
Sweden’s intervention in the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648)
Christina – Queen of Sweden (1632-1654)
Coins struck in the town of Riga (Livonia) under Queen Christina
Charles X Gustav, King of Sweden (1654-1660)
Swedish property in North Germany – coins issued by Charles X Gustav (1654-1660)
Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-1697)
Charles XI – during the time of the government of guardians (1660-1672)
Charles XI – of age and crowned on September 28, 1674
The Duchy of Swedish Pomerania
Charles XII – King of Sweden (1697-1718)
Chapter 10 The Armor Collar of King Gustav II Adolf of Sweden from 1632
Has Gustav Adolf ever worn this armor collar?
Let us discuss the question what is known about its origin
A visit at the castle Heidecksburg in Rudolstadt, Thuringia
Gustav II Adolf and the Battle of Liitzen in 1632
The goldsmith's art in Augsburg in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries
Augsburg – a historical place of the Reformation
Which importance did the name of God, JEHOVAH, have in Augsburg?
Chapter 11 The Protestant Reformation
The first centenary of the Reformation in 1617
Elector Johann Georg I of Saxony, 1611–1656
The bicentenary of the Reformation in 1717
The bicentenary of the Augsburg Confession in 1730
The first centenary of the Peace of Augsburg in 1655
Chapter 12 From the Thirty Years’ War to the Westphalian Peace
What circumstances caused the Defenestration of Prague?
Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1619-1621)
Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor (1578-1637)
The meeting of the Electors in Regensburg in 1622
The Edict of Restitution (1629)
Gustav II Adolf, King of Sweden (1611-1632)
Erfurt under Swedish occupation
The Erfurt Purimthaler from 1632
The Protestant festival of Purim in Erfurt
Historical roots of the festival of Purim
Ignatius of Loyola – a Spanish monk, 1491-1556
Medal in memory of Gustav II Adolf’s death
Gustav II Adolf, King of Sweden, in Würzburg
The Battle of Breitenfeld on September 17, 1631
John George I, Elector of Saxony, 1615-1656
The capture of Würzburg on October 15, 1631
The Leipzig Convention in 1631
Silesian Reichsthaler from 1634
The Landgraviate of Hesse-Cassel
The Westphalian Peace of Osnabrück and Münster, 1648
Johann Valentin Andreae (1586-1654)
Chapter 13 Städtethaler, Spruchthaler,Taufthaler and Löserthaler of the Seventeenth
The imperial city of Nuremberg
Nuremberg under Leopold I (Holy Roman Emperor, 1658-1705)
The Hanseatic City of Hamburg
The imperial city of Magdeburg
Reflections on the history of Magdeburg
The Electorate of Saxony
Dresden – the Florence on the Elbe in the Saxon Electorate
Wedding Medal from 1635
The engraver Sebastian Dadler
Hochzeitsthaler and Schauthaler
Taufthaler and Schauthaler
Taufthaler from the yield of the Harz mines
Schauthaler and Löserthaler
Multiple Thaler issued by the Dukes of Brunswick and Lüneburg
Julius, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel from 1568 to 1589
Chapter 14 Some of the Most Beautiful German Gold Coins and Medals Bearing the Name
of God
The Westphalian Peace of Münster and Osnabrück
The Portuguez and its Hamburg reproductions
The gold coins of the imperial city of Regensburg
The Regensburg mint and its personnel
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor (1658-1705)
The Reichstag in Regensburg in 1541 and the introduction of the Reformation in 1542
The construction of Trinity Church
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (1637-1657)
The "permanent Reichstag" in Regensburg
The Stone Bridge
Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
Joseph II, Holy Roman Emperor (1765-1790)
Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor (1792-1806)
Chapter 15 Spelling Variations of the Name of God
Chapter 16 Jehovahthaler and Jehovah Coins
Chapter 17 The Name of God in Reformed Churches, on Buildings, and other Objects
Flensburg – a town rich in history
Schüttorf and its Latin school from the Calvinist past
Welcome to the Hanseatic city of Rostock
City of Dresden, tombstone of Gerhard von Kügelgen
Weira – a small village with 400 inhabitants
Vreden-Alstätte near the Dutch border
Mosbach and its architectural monument – the collegiate church
Town of Kempten, Church of St. Lorenz, wooden tablet from August 1, 1815
Chapter 18 The Name of God Is Being Replaced by Symbols
A triangle with comma-like symbols
Three comma-like symbols
An eye in a triangle
A single eye
A single triangle
A brief history of the Thaler
Chapter 19 The Swiss Confederation
The Bern Quarter Thaler from 1680
The name of God: struck on coins during a period of 146 years
Seventeenth and eighteenth centuries coins and medals of Bern
The Waldensians and Switzerland
Chapter 20 A Trip to the Engadine and the Val Müstair with Martin Schneeberger
Chapter 21 Poland and Its Free Hanseatic Town of Gdansk
The Polish territories
The Reformation in Poland
The Renaissance
The power of the nobility
The Reformation begins
Calvinism is giving new impetus to the Reformation
The Counter-Reformation
The Reformation and the name of God
Dutch Influence
Poland, Silesia, and Wroclaw
Johann Buchheim (1624-1683) – mintmaster and engraver in Wroclaw
Gdansk – a town in Poland fighting for its independence
The big Council Hall or Red Hall
A summarizing description of the Red Hall
Vredeman de Vries' seven pictures
The mysterious iconographical message of the ceiling decoration
A description of the upper oval
The painting "Allegory for the Commerce of Gdansk", or "Apotheosis of Gdansk"
The triumphal arch as an allegory for the town
A description of the arch and of the whole picture
The history of St. Mary's Church
The influence of the Gdansk family Ferber
The Balthasar Chapel
The epitaph of Edward Blemke
The epitaph of the little Adelgunda Zappio
The donation plaque
The coins of the Kingdom of Poland (1454-1793)
Sigismund III Vasa, King of Poland (1597-1632)
Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-1648)
The town of Thorn – besieged during the reign of Sigismund III Vasa
John II Casimir Vasa, King of Poland (1648-1668)
What are donatives?
Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-1673)
John III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-1696)
Royal medals
Władysław IV Vasa, King of Poland (1632-1648)
John II Casimir Vasa, King of Poland (1648-1668)
The Peace of Oliva in 1660
The history of Oliva Cathedral (archiepiscopal basilica)
A plaque bearing the names of the donators and benefactors of the monastery on the
northern wall of the choir
The pew and the choir loft
The All Saints altar of Oliva Cathedral
The altar of the Archangel Michael
Through the cloister of the monastery
The problem of dating and classifying this medal
Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki, King of Poland (1669-1673)
John III Sobieski, King of Poland (1674-1696)
Commercial and private medals
Gdansk - the world's capital of amber
The amber treasure box made by the Polish artist Lucjan Myrta from Sopot
Chapter 22 The Federal Republic of Austria
Vienna, the cosmopolitan city of the Habsburgs
Chapter 23 Appendix
The Julian and the Gregorian calendar

"God's Name on Coins, Talers and Medals"

This book tells the story of the Jehovah coins and –medals from their first appearance in the 16th century until their displacement in the 18th century. It shows coins and medals from the Netherlands, Denmark, Sweden, Poland (Danzig) and Germany which carry the name Jehovah in various forms. The story of this epoch is brought to life by a series of exciting articles, which convey much background information.

Coins always have been more than merely currency. For example, theological characteristics began to be coined in the Middle Ages. Until now Jehovah talers and – medals have hardly been researched in the numismatics, the science of coins. This book wants to prove that these prints reflect the outstanding time of European history: the reformation. This time refers back to the 16th century of Europe. It was one of the most dynamic epochs of that time.

The author, who has been active in the research of numismatics since two decades, takes his readers on a voyage that is exciting as well as informative.

Between the 16th and 18th century these coins shaped the political and religious scenery of Europe and reached beyond it`s time.

The book consists of 205 pages. There are 126 illustrations which are throughout in color. The price is 15.00 € plus shipping costs. This book is only available in German.